ISTQB Foundation Level Study Materials PDF (ISTQB Dumps with Answers and Explanation – Everything You Will NEED to Pass CTFL Exam)
Are you prepared for ISTQB Exam for the year 2021 with the new ISTQB 2018 Syllabus? Download our ISTQB Dumps 2021 collected from ITB, BCS, iSQI, GASQ, ASTQB, CSTB, and other exam boards. Note – You must read this “What is ISTQB Certification?” before starting to read this post.
Summary of this post: Click on the links below to go directly to the relevant section
- ISTQB Dumps/Sample Questions with Answers
- ISTQB Questions and Answers with Explanation
- Download ISTQB Mock Test Papers PDF Free
- Best Book for ISTQB Foundation Level Certification
- Syllabus Breakup for ISTQB Preparation Material
- Number of Questions Expected from each chapter
- 14 Strategy That Will Help You Pass ISTQB Exam
Looking for dumps for other exams? Click below –
- ISTQB Foundation Level – Agile Tester Sample Exam
- ISTQB Advanced Level – Test Manager Exam
- ISTQB Advanced Level Test Automation Engineer Sample Exam
Some basics about ISTQB Foundation Level Exam
Why Foundation Level?
The Foundation Level qualification is aimed at professionals who need to demonstrate practical knowledge of the fundamental concepts of software testing. This includes people in roles such as test designers, test analysts, test engineers, test consultants, test managers, user acceptance testers and IT Professionals.
The Foundation Level qualification is also appropriate for anyone who needs a basic understanding of software testing, such as project managers, quality managers, software development managers, business analysts, IT directors and management consultants.
What Are the Requirements for ISTQB Certification?
There is no pre-requisite for the foundation level exam. However, it is suggested that candidates for the Foundation Level certification have at least six months’ practical experience in a professional testing role.
How much does the ISTQB exam cost?
Varies from country to country and exam providers. Usually the official cost for the ISTQB Foundation Level is around between $100 to $150.
What are the exam codes for ISTQB Foundation Level?
- from BCS-IT from PearsonVue – CTFL-18: ISTQB Certified Tester Foundation Level 2018
- from iSQI from PearsonVue –
- CTFL_Syll2018: CTFL_Syll2018: ISTQB Certified Tester Foundation Level (Syllabus 2018, worldwide except D, A, CH, FL, BGR, ROU, SRB, MNE and UK)
- CTFL_Syll2018_A ISTQB Certified Tester – Foundation Level
- CTFL_Syll2018_CH ISTQB® Certified Tester Foundation Level
- CTFL_Syll2018_D ISTQB Certified Tester – Foundation Level
- CTFL_Syll2018_SEE ISTQB Certified Tester Foundation Level (Syllabus 2018 – BGR, ROU, SRB and MNE only)
- CTFL_UK_Syll2018: CTFL_UK & Ireland_Syll2018: ISTQB® Certified Tester Foundation Level (Syllabus 2018, GB and IE only)
- CTFL_Syll2018_World: ISTQB® Certified Tester, Foundation Level (Syllabus 2018)
D = Germany, A = Austria, CH = Switzerland, FL = Liechtenstein, BGR = Bulgaria, ROU = Romania, SRB = Serbia, MNE = Montenegro, UK = United Kingdom, GB = Great Britain, IE = Ireland, World = Available in Dutch language from PearsonVue.
You can take iSQI exam from anywhere in the world from a PearsonVue center or through iSQI FLEX exam online.
How to apply for ISTQB Exam?
For Indian Testing Board: ITB is offering Online exam from home via Talent Decrypt or OnVUE online proctors. You can see the procedure to apply for ITB online exam here.
For non-Indian Board such as BCS/iSQI or other ISTQB National boards, please refer to your respective testing boards’ website. We have mentioned general procedure for BCS UK Board and iSQI via PearsonVue Test Center here.
Which exam levels are available after Foundation?
Holders of the Foundation certificate are eligible to continue on to higher level software testing qualifications, certifying themselves at Advanced level, and then at the Expert level. Recently ISTQB launched new scheme after foundation level. ISTQB Agile Tester Extension, CMAP – Mobile App Testing Foundation Level are some of the options looking forward to. We now have dumps for ISTQB Agile Tester Extension exam.
Which is the Best Book for ISTQB Foundation Level Certification?
“Foundations Of Software Testing ISTQB Certification”
Erik van Veenendaal
This book has been recently republished (Foundations of Software Testing ISTQB Certification, 4th edition) by the authors updated with ISTQB 2018 Syllabus. Another book on ISTQB 2018 Syllabus, there is a new book ‘A Study Guide to the ISTQB® Foundation Level 2018 Syllabus: Test Techniques and Sample Mock Exams‘ by Adam Roman. We will review and update about these books later in this website.
Software Testing Tutorials Website
You can visit this website for detailed topics on Software Testing cover ISTQB Foundation Level Syllabus – from Testing Guru website..
General Guidelines for Preparing ISTQB Exam
- 40 Questions
- 65% pass mark
- 75 minutes (Additional 15 minutes if your first language is not English)
- Multiple choice questions
- Only one correct answer
- No negative marking
- All questions will be from ISTQB Syllabus 2018 version 3.1 developed by ISTQB.Org (Download ISTQB Syllabus 2018 pdf)
- Read the syllabus very carefully multiple times
- Download ISTQB Sample Papers and solve them (28 free ISTQB Mock Tests links given below)
- You can also buy our premium ISTQB dumps 2021 for Foundation Level from us
Syllabus Breakup for ISTQB Preparation Material
The principles of testing: Terminology; why testing is necessary; fundamental test process; psychology of testing; re-testing and regression testing; expected results; prioritization.
Testing throughout the life-cycle: Models for testing; economics of testing; high level test planning; acceptance testing; integration testing in the large; functional and non-functional system testing; integration testing in the small; component testing; maintenance testing.
Static testing: Reviews and the test process; types of review; static analysis.
Test design techniques: Dynamic testing techniques, Black and white-box testing techniques; error guessing, Boundary Value Analysis etc.
Test management: Organization; configuration management; test estimation, monitoring and control; incident management; standards for testing.
Tool support for testing: Types of CAST tool (Computer-Aided Software Testing); tool selection and implementation.
- 50% K1 (remember, recall type)
- 30% K2 (Compare, contrast type)
- 20% K3 (Analyze, apply type. Numerical type as well)
- See syllabus for details on K levels
Number of Questions Expected from each chapter
|Chapter Number||Chapter Name||K1 Questions||K2 Questions||K3 Questions||Total Questions|
|1||The fundamentals of testing||2||6||0||8|
|2||Testing Throughout the Software Development Lifecycle||1||4||0||5|
|6||Tool support for testing||1||1||0||2|
Tips and Tricks to Pass ISTQB Foundation Level Exam
In the software testing field, ISTQB certification is considered as the worldwide leader of certification. Being an ISTQB certified tester gives you a great leverage in the software testing field and may even help you score a good paying job in MNCs around the world. While the passing rate of ISTQB exam is about 3/4 globally, it is still one of the toughest exams and very difficult to crack if not prepared in systematic order. Hence, given below are few tips that will help you clear the ISTQB certification with ease.
- ISTQB Questions are simple but answers are confusing at times. More than one correct answers possible. Choose the one which is more correct or correct in more scenarios.
- Read the questions very carefully. Sometimes you might miss important words. Solve ISTQB Sample Papers frequently.
- Do not jump to answer quickly. Go through all options before selecting one.
- Look out for words like ALL, EVERY, NEVER etc. These might help you choose correct answer. For example, ALL bugs should be fixed is incorrect statement but bugs should be fixed is more correct and might indicate right choice.
- Read the complete ISTQB syllabus. All the questions will be based on the syllabus.
- Pay special attention to White box test design technique questions. You can get some tips on how to calculate Statement, Branch/Decision and Path Coverage.
- Solve the ISTQB Foundation Level Dumps with Answers 2018 PDFs given below in this page.
- Download all 28 ISTQB Foundation level dumps with answers 2019 pdf ISTQB Sample Papers (2500 ISTQB Dumps/Sample Questions and answers from this site given at the bottom of the page)
- Join this Software Testing Update Google Group.
- Give ISTQB Mock Test Exam and try to attempt with old ISTQB Dumps 2020 exam questions. Download our ISTQB Dumps online and Practice.
- Check ISTQB exam dates for your country and prepare in advance.- Learn ISTQB online from various forums and there are lots of ISTQB online quiz applications available in Android and iOS platforms. These ISTQB online exams should help you.
- For CTFL Syll 2018, you want to buy 100% sure pass questions and self-study guide for ISTQB Foundation level exam. Details here.
14 Proven Strategy That Will Help You Pass ISTQB Foundation Level Exam Easily
1. Start as Soon as Possible
Procrastination is the biggest enemy. To finish your preparations on time, you must start them on time. Begin with collecting books, question banks, notes and everything else you can find and begin your studies as soon as possible.
2. Read a Text Book
Even though the world has gone digital and everything you need is available on the internet, do not forget the textbook. Keep an eye on syllabus and content from the textbook to make quick notes and sample questions.
Textbook is preferred because it is sure that you can find everything you need in it in a very simple language. The textbook titled, “Foundation of Software Testing: ISTQB Certification” is one of the recommended books. There is another new book titled “A Study Guide to the ISTQB® Foundation Level 2018 Syllabus: Test Techniques and Sample Mock Exams” by Adam Ramon. This book is based on the new ISTQB syllabus 2018. We recommended you read both the books. There is another new book in the market – “A Self-Study Guide For The ISTQB Foundation Exam Certified Tester Foundation Level (CTFL) 2018 Syllabus” by Chhavi Raj Dosaj. There are paperback and ebook/kindle version available to purchase.
3. Read the Syllabus
Whether you are attempting the exam with the old syllabus or the new syllabus of 2018, make sure you read the entire syllabus at least twice. Believe me, most of the questions will be from the content given in the syllabus. If you read the syllabus thoroughly, you will be able to connect the dots in most of the questions asked in the exam. Do not ignore the official syllabus.
Important: Read the official syllabus at least TWICE. Answers to all the exam questions are hidden somewhere in the syllabus.
4. Glossary is Important
Many students do not even care about having a Glossary, however having a glossary is very important. Refer to the glossary at the beginning and ending of each chapter to understand all the terms thoroughly. There will be many questions based on the official glossary list produced by ISTQB Board.
5. Self Study or Group Study
In most of the cases, attending a coaching center is the best possible way of covering the entire exam syllabus. However, ISTQB coaching costs a fortune and if you are already a working professional, you might not even have time to attend those. Therefore, the best way to study for ISTQB is to study in a group or alone. Genuinely studying in a group is preferred, but if you can’t concentrate, then self study is considered best.
Whether you decide to self-study or group study with your friends, we recommended taking a look at our self-study materials which are recently revised based on the new syllabus and a vast number of questions (with answers) are added in the package. Many ISTQB aspirants have benefited from our self-study package in the past.
6. Understand the Structure
The structure of the exam is one of the most important things to consider. Understanding the pattern of the exam will not only help you prioritize your concepts but will also tell you which concepts to study first and which last.
7. Avoid Any Shortcuts
There is no shortcut to clearing ISTQB exam. You can find many websites and blogs that claim that solving a few questions will clear your ISTQB certification, which is not true or logical at all. Focus on the syllabus and avoid any shortcuts, guides or anything you find on internet. Simply solving ISTQB dumps is not advisable. Read the book, syllabus, glossary. Practice and understand the concepts. In the long run, those concepts will help you in your software testing career and interviews.
8. Revise, Teach, Repeat
Do not celebrate as you finish your entire syllabus, there are chances that you might even forget what you have learnt in last moments of the exam. The best way to brush your studies is to revise and teach. Someone said, teaching is the best way to learn. Keep revising the entire syllabus on daily basis and teach your friends who are preparing for the same exam. This will improve your memory skills and also the speed of writing the exam.
9. Take Eventual Breaks
Preparing for the exams is stressful; you cannot expect yourself to be active during long hours of studies. Hence, the best way is to pre-plan eventual breaks. Create milestones and break timings, even pre-plan what you are going to do in that break time so as to keep your body in schedule, safe from breaking free.
10. Did You Try Solving ISTQB Mock Tests?
Solve some ISTQB Online Mock Test Papers available in the internet. Measure the time you spent solving all the 40 questions. There are even apps available in iOS and Android app store for mock exams. Try those.
11. Attempt all The Questions
There are no negative markings in the ISTQB Exams. So if you are not sure of the correct answer for a particular question, do not leave it. Apply your best guess and submit the answer.
12. Be Sharp and Observant
There are many questions and answers that require some extra thought process, while others are just tricky but are easy. On the other hand, you have simple words like “Not” and “Never” which we usually miss during our flow in studying. Missing these can direct you on a different answer which is not the required one in that context. Hence, having a keen and observant eye during studies is very important.
13. Sometimes, Things will Go Crazy
If you are giving your exam online or computer based, you will be provided with a backup sheet in case of any technical issues. Please do not ignore the backup sheet and mark all your answers here first. When you are completely sure that you have marked all the answers correctly, then you can mark on the main sheet before finally submitting your answers. You will never know when a technical issue may strike, in such cases, backup sheets are a major life saver.
14. Please Read the Syllabus Thoroughly
We know this is a repeat of the 3rd point but we cannot emphasize enough about reading the syllabus. Whether you are attempting the exam with the old syllabus or the new syllabus, make sure you read the entire syllabus at least twice. Believe me most of the questions will be from the content given in the syllabus. If you read the syllabus thoroughly, you will be able to connect the dots in most of the questions asked in the exam. Please, please do not ignore the official syllabus. Here is the link to download ISTQB Syllabus 2018 pdf.
ISTQB Dumps/Sample Questions with Answers
Here are 20 ISTQB ASTQB Certification Dumps for your practice:
ISTQB Mock Test Question No: 1
What is the main purpose of use case testing?
a. To identify defects in process flows related to typical use of the system.
b. To identify defects in the connections between components.
c. To identify defects in the system related to extreme scenarios.
d. To identify defects in the system related to the use of unapproved programming practices.
ISTQB Mock Test Question No: 2
A washing machine has three temperature bands for different kinds of fabrics:
— Fragile fabrics are washed at temperatures between 10 and 30 degrees Celsius;
— Normal fabrics are washed at temperatures between 31 and 60 degrees Celsius;
— Heavily soiled and tough fabrics are washed at temperatures between 61 and 100 degrees Celsius.
Which of the following contains only values that are in different equivalence partitions?
a. 10, 31, 55
b. 20, 65, 90
c. 25, 45, 77
d. 15, 30, 60
e. 9, 11, 101
ISTQB Mock Test Question No: 3
“Experience based” test design techniques, typically…
A. Use decision tables to generate the Boolean test conditions to be executed.
B. Identify the structure of the system or software at the component, integration or system level.
C. Use the skill, intuition and experience of the tester to derive the test cases, using error guessing
and exploratory testing.
D. Establish traceability from test conditions back to the specifications and requirements.
ISTQB Mock Test Question No: 4
Testers are often seen as the bearer of unwanted news regarding defects. What are the effective ways to improve the communication and relationship between testers and others?
a)Communicate factual information in a constructive way.
b)Try to understand how the other person feels and why they react the way they do.
c)Always outsource testing activities.
d)Never record information that could be used to apportion blame to an individual or team.
A. a and b
B. a, b and c
C. a, b and d
D. a and c
ISTQB Mock Test Question No: 5
Which of the following is a valid reason for writing test cases based on experience and intuition?
A. Use of formal techniques requires expensive training
B. Only experience can ensure all functionality is covered
C. Tests based on experience and intuition can supplement formal techniques
D. Formal techniques require the use of expensive tools
ISTQB Mock Test Question No: 6
Which of the following BEST describes the relationship between test planning and test execution?
A. Test planning ensures the level of detail in test procedures is appropriate for test execution
B. Test planning schedules test execution but does not assign resources
C. Test planning defines the overall approach to testing but does not schedule specific activities such as test execution
D. Test planning identifies test objectives related to scope and risk but does not define the level of detail for test procedures used in test execution
ISTQB Mock Test Question No: 7
Which of the following would be appropriate test objectives for user acceptance testing of the first release of a new software product aimed at a general market and built using Agile methods?
a.To identify as many defects as possible
b.To maximize code coverage
c.To ensure the product works as expected
d.To assess the overall quality of the product
e.To determine the reliability of the product
A. b and c
B. a and d
C. b and e
D. c and d
ISTQB Mock Test Question No: 8
Which of the following characteristics is most likely to promote effective software testing?
A. Independence from the production process
B. A belief that programmers always make mistakes
C. Knowledge of the number of defects typically found in a program
D. Confidence that the next stage will find defects missed at this stage
ISTQB Mock Test Question No: 9
Which of the following accurately defines the integration testing test level?
A. Test basis includes software and system design, test objects include interfaces, and tests concentrate on the interactions between different parts of a system
B. Test basis includes component requirements, test objects include database modules, and tests concentrate on the behavior of the system as a whole.
C. Test basis includes business processes, test objects include system configuration and configuration data, and tests concentrate on establishing confidence in the system
D. Test basis includes use cases, test objects include user procedures and tests concentrate on a high level model of system behavior
ISTQB Mock Test Question No: 10
An Android application identifies and counts all purchases of a particular product from a shopping website. The application incorrectly counts purchase attempts by including both failed attempts, and also those where the purchase was terminated by the user before completion. Testing has identified that the problem was located in the ‘purchase identification’ module, where the first stage in the purchasing process was counted, rather than a successful confirmed purchase after payment by the customer.
Which of the following statements correctly identifies what has happened? For more questions buy premium questions from istqb.guru website.
A. A defect in the purchase identification module caused by a mistake in the module specification led to a defect in the overall application.
B. An error by the programmer led to a mistake in the purchase identification module and this caused a defect in the application.
C. The application failed because of a defect in the purchase identification module caused by a programmer mistake or an error in the specification.
D. A bug in the purchase identification module caused a fault in the application.
ISTQB Mock Test Question No: 11
Which of the following would TYPICALLY be carried out by a test leader and which by a tester?
a) Creation of a test strategy.
b) Creation of a test specification.
c) Raising of an incident report.
d) Write a test summary report.
A. a and b would be carried out by a test leader, whilst c and d would be carried out by a tester
B. b and c would be carried out by a test leader, whilst a and d would be carried out by a tester
C. a and d would be carried out by a test leader, whilst b and c would be carried out by a tester
D. a and c would be carried out by a test leader, whilst b and d would be carried out by a tester
ISTQB Mock Test Question No: 12
The digital Thermometer uses 7 colors to show the ambient temperature. Each color spans a range of just 5 Deg. C, with an operating minimum and maximum of minus 15 Deg. C and 60 Deg. C. Which of the following values is LEAST likely to have been identified when applying the boundary value test design technique?
A. 60 Deg. C
B. 0 Deg. C
C. 12 Deg. C
D. 25 Deg. C
ISTQB Mock Test Question No: 13
A system under development contains complex calculations and decision logic, and it is assessed as high risk because of the relative inexperience of the development team in the application domain. Which of the following would be the MOST appropriate choice of test design technique for
A. Decision testing.
B. Statement testing
C. State transition testing
D. Equivalence partitioning
ISTQB Mock Test Question No: 14
Which of the following statements correctly describes the benefit of fault attacks?
A. They are more effective at finding faults than formal test design techniques
B. They are useful when there is limited experience in the test team
C. They can evaluate the reliability of a test object by attempting to force specific failures to occur
D. They are less structured than other experience-based techniques
ISTQB Mock Test Question No: 15
Which statement is a valid explanation as to why black-box test design techniques can be useful?
A. They can help to derive test data based on analysis of the requirement specification
B. They can help derive test cases based on analysis of a component code structure
C. They can help to derive test conditions based on analysis of a system internal structure
D. They can help to reduce testing costs
ISTQB Mock Test Question No: 16
Which of the following activities should be considered before purchasing a tool for an organization?
a) Ensure that the tool does not have a negative impact on existing test processes.
b) Produce a business justification examining both costs and benefits.
c) Determine whether the vendor will continue to provide support for the tool.
d) Introduce tool deployment activities into the testing schedule.
A. a and d
B. b and c
C. c and d
D. a and c
ISTQB Mock Test Question No: 17
Arrive-and-Go airline wants to clarify its baggage handling policy, whilst maximizing revenues, and will introduce the following tariffs for all baggage per individual customer (weights are rounded up to the nearest 0.1Kg):
The first 2Kg will be carried free of charge. The next 10 Kg will be carried for a flat charge of 0. An additional 15Kg will be charged a total charge of 7.
Luggage over this amount will be charged at ? per Kg, up to a maximum of 150Kg per person. No passenger may take more that 150Kg with them. Which of the following would constitute boundary values for baggage weights in the price calculation?
A. 0, 5.0, 10.0, 17.0
B. 2.0,9.9, 15.0, 26.9
C. 1.9, 12.0, 14.9, 150.0
D. 2.0, 12.1, 27.0, 150.1
ISTQB Mock Test Question No: 18
A program level Master Test Plan states that a number of best practices must be adopted for its project life cycle models, irrespective of whether a sequential or iterative-incremental approach is adopted for each project. Which of the following life cycle related best practices would you expect to see in the Master Test Plan?
a) There should be a testing activity that corresponds to each development activity.
b) Each project should have four test levels if using a V-model.
c) Test personnel should ensure that they are invited to review requirements and design
documents as soon as draft versions are available.
d) System testing must not be performed by the development teams.
A. a and b
B. a and c
C. b and d
D. c and d
ISTQB Mock Test Question No: 19
A simple gaming system has been specified as a set of use cases. It has been tested by the supplier and is now ready for user acceptance testing. The system is assessed as low risk and there is pressure to release the software into the market as soon as possible. Which of the following test techniques would be most appropriate for this testing?
A. State transition testing and decision testing
B. Equivalence partitioning and statement testing
C. Use case testing and exploratory testing
D. Decision table testing and exploratory testing
ISTQB Mock Test Question No: 20
What is the purpose of configuration management in testing? To choose and implement a suitable configuration management tool. To identify unique items of testware and their related developed software. To provide traceability between items of testware and developed software. To enable managers to configure the software. To control the versions of software released into the test environment.
A. a, c and e
B. a, b and d
C. b, c and d
D. b, c and e
ISTQB Exam Questions and Answers with Explanation
Here are another 20 ISTQB Questions and Answers with Explanations for your preparation. More ISTQB Questions and Answers with Explanation included in our premium study materials.
Question No: 1. Which statement BEST describes the role of testing?
A. Testing improves quality in itself
B. Testing ensures that the right version of code is
C. Testing can be used to assess quality
D. Testing shows that the software is error free
Correct Answer: C
Testing helps us to measure the quality of software in terms of the number of defects found, the tests run, and the system covered by the tests.
Question No: 2. Which of the following statements is true?
A. Testing cannot prove that software is correct
B. Testing can prove that software is either correct or incorrect
C. Testing cannot prove that software is incorrect
D. Testing can prove that software is correct
Correct Answer: A
As testers, we want not just to think and report on defects but, with the rest of the project team, think about any potential causes of failures.
Question No: 3. Which statement about combinations of inputs and preconditions is true for a large system?
A. It is not possible to test any of them
B. It is easy to test them all in a short time
C. It is essential to test them all in order to do good testing
D. It is not practically possible to test them all
Correct Answer: D
Testing everything (all combinations of inputs and preconditions) is not feasible except for trivial cases. Instead of exhaustive testing, we use risks and priorities to focus testing efforts. Therefore
Question No: 4. Which of the following is a MAJOR task of evaluating exit criteria and reporting?
A. Logging the outcome of test execution
B. Writing a test summary report for stakeholders
C. Repeating test activities as a result of action taken for each discrepancy
D. Evaluating testability of the requirements and system
Correct Answer: B
Evaluating exit criterion is the activity where test execution is assessed against the defined objectives. This should be done for each test level, as for each we need to know whether we have done enough testing. Writing a test summary report for stakeholders is a MAJOR task of evaluating exit criteria and reporting.
Question No: 5. Which one of the following is a characteristic of good testing in any lifecycle model?
A. Test design can only begin when development is complete
B. Testers should begin to review documents as soon as drafts are available
C. Each test level has the same test objective
D. There should be more testing activities than development activities
Correct Answer: B
Testers should be involved in reviewing documents as soon as drafts are available in the any life cycle model.
Question No: 6. Which one of the following is true of software development models?
A. In Agile development models, the number of test levels for an iteration can vary depending on the project
B. There must be at least four test levels for any software development model
C. There are always four test levels in the V-model
D. In a Rapid Application Development (RAD) project, there are four test levels for each iteration.
Correct Answer: A
In agile development model developers write every test case they can think of and automate them. Every time a change is made in the code it is component tested and then integrated with the existing code, which is then fully integration-tested using the full set of test cases.
Question No: 7. Which ADDITIONAL test level could be introduced into a standard V-model after system testing?
A. Regression Testing
B. Component Integration Testing
C. Acceptance Testing
D. System Integration Testing
Correct Answer: D
The four test levels in a standard V-model are: component testing, integration testing, system testing, and acceptance testing. For the integration of a commercial off-the-shelf (COTS) software product into a system, integration testing at the system level can be introduced into a standard V-model after system testing. Acceptance testing is a later stage testing which is done after system integration testing and acceptance testing and component integration testing is done after component testing.
Question No: 8. Which of the following is a purpose of the review kick off activity?
A. Define entry and exit criteria
B. Document results
C. Select the personnel group
D. Explain the objectives
Correct Answer: D
In kick off activities we do not select any personnel group, document results or define any entry or exit criteria. During the kick-off meeting the reviewers receive a short introduction on the objectives of the review and the documents.
Question No: 9. Which characteristics BEST describe a walk-through?
A. Formal process collects metrics
B. Led by the author, may be documented
C. Defined roles, led by trained moderator
D. Documented, includes peers and experts
Correct Answer: B
A walk-through is characterized by the author of the document under review guiding the participants through the document and his or her thought processes, to achieve a common understanding and to gather feedback. This is especially useful if people from outside the software discipline are present, who are not used to, or cannot easily understand software development documents.
Question No: 10. Which of the following defects would NORMALLY be identified by a static analysis tool?
A. The response time for the search function exceeded the agreed limit
B. The component code had variables that were used but had not been declared
C. The design specification had many grammatical errors
D. The component was found to be the source of the memory leak
Correct Answer: B
Static analysis tools are typically used by developers before, and sometimes during, component and integration testing and by designers during software modelling.
Question No: 11. Which of the following is a standard for test documentation?
A. IEEE Std. 1044
B. ISO 9126
C. IEEE Std. 829
D. IEEE Std. 1028
Correct Answer: C
Test cases can be documented as described in the IEEE 829 Standard for Test Documentation.
Question No: 12. Which of the following statements is true?
A. A test case specifies input values and expected results; a test procedure may be derived from requirements or specifications
B. A test condition specifies input values and expected results; a test case combines one or more test conditions
C. A test case specifies the sequence of execution of test conditions; a test procedure specifies test preconditions and post-conditions
D. A test condition may be derived from requirements or specifications; a test procedure specifies the sequence of action for the execution of a test
Correct Answer: D
A test condition is simply something that we could test. If we are looking to measure coverage of code decisions (branches), then the test basis would be the code itself, and the list of test conditions would be the decision outcomes (True and False). If we have a requirements specification, the table of contents can be our initial list of test conditions.
Question No: 13. Why should expected results be defined before execution?
A. To assist in test automation
B. To improve design of the software
C. To reduce the possibility of incorrect results
To improve test efficiency
Correct Answer: C
Expected results should be predicted before the test is run – then your assessment of whether or not the software did the right thing will be more objective. If we have expected result before execution then it will reduce the possibility of incorrect results as we will have already analyzed expected results to match with.
Question No: 14. During which activity of the Fundamental Test Process test process do you review the test basis?
A. Test planning and control
B. Evaluating exit criteria and reporting
C. Test implementation and execution
D. Test analysis and design
Correct Answer: D
Test analysis is the process of looking at something that can be used to derive test information. The test basis includes whatever the tests are based on. From a testing perspective, we look at the test basis in order to see what could be tested – these are the test conditions. A test condition is simply something that we could test. Hence Test analysis and design is the activity of the Fundamental Test Process test process in which we review the test basis.
Question No: 15. Which one of the following provides the BEST description of test design?
A. Creation of a test suite
B. Specification of the order in which test cases should be executed
C. Specification of the test cases required to test a feature
D. Identification of the features which should be tested
Correct Answer: C
Test Design refers to specification of the test cases required to test a feature and it is not about providing the order in which testing should be carried out or not related to identification of the features which should be tested but it is about providing the best test steps consisting of all information that can provide step to step testing.
Question No: 16. A system specification states that a particular field should accept alphabetical characters in either upper or lower case. Which of the following test cases is from an INVALID equivalence partition?
Correct Answer: D
“F33ds” is ‘invalid’; it doesn’t mean that it represents a value that cannot be entered by a user. It just means that it is not one of the expected inputs for that particular field. The software should correctly handle values from the invalid partition, by replying with an appropriate validation message such as ‘System only accepts alphabetical characters in either upper or lower case’ whereas this type of value or partition can be used as part of negative testing.
Question No: 17. Which of the following is MOST likely to be an objective of a pilot project to introduce a test tool?
A. To assess if the test tool brings benefits at reasonable cost
B. To ensure that developers will use the test tool
C. To ensure that the time spent testing and the cost of testing is reduced
D. To assess if everyone in the organisation can be trained prior to roll-out
Correct Answer: A
As part of POC pilot project is done in most of the project in order to assess whether or not the concept is proven, i.e. that the tool can accomplish what is needed within the current organizational context or not.
Question No: 18. Which of the following would NOT NORMALLY be considered for a testing role on a project?
A. Configuration manager
B. Performance specialist
D. System operator
Correct Answer: A
System operator can help in testing various hardware or operating systems compatibility of software, developer performs unit testing and can also be considered for a testing role, a performance specialist may help in performance testing and hence can be considered for a testing role. The configuration manager provides the overall Configuration Management (CM) infrastructure and environment to the product development team. CM would not be normally considered for a testing role.
Question No: 19. Which of the following statements about black box and white box techniques is correct?
A. Decision Testing, Equivalence Partitioning and Condition Coverage are all black box techniques
B. Boundary Value Analysis, State Transition and Statement Testing are all white box techniques
C. Decision Table Testing, State Transition and Use Case Testing are all black box techniques
D. Decision Testing, Equivalence Partitioning and Statement Testing are all white box techniques
Correct Answer: C
Equivalence partitioning, boundary value analysis, decision tables, state transition and use case testing are examples of Specification-based (black-box) testing techniques. Condition coverage, multiple condition coverage, decision testing and statement testing are examples of structure-based or white-box testing techniques.
Question No: 20. Which of the following is an example of a product risk?
A. Skill and staff shortages
B. Problems in defining the right requirements
C. Failure of a third party
D. Software that does not perform its intended functions
Correct Answer: D
Product Risk is about the software product which we are testing.
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